Banarasi sarees are one of the most exquisite and revered sarees in India. These sarees are known for their intricate designs, luxurious fabric, and rich history. Banarasi silk sarees have been worn by women for centuries, and their popularity has only grown with time. In this blog, we will delve into the Banarasi saree history and discover why they are still so popular today.
Kashi - The origin of Opulence
The origins of Banarasi sarees can be traced back to the city of Varanasi, also known as Banaras or Kashi, in Uttar Pradesh. This ancient city has a long and rich history of weaving, and Banarasi sarees are a testament to the skill and craftsmanship of the weavers. The art of weaving Banarasi sarees has been passed down from generation to generation, and today it is considered a family tradition for many weavers.
The history of Banarasi sarees can be divided into three distinct periods: the Mughal period, the British period, and the post-independence period. Each period has had an impact on the design and style of Banarasi sarees.
The Mughal Period
During the Mughal period (16th to 18th century), Banarasi sarees were patronized by the Mughal emperors and their families. The weavers created intricate designs inspired by Persian motifs, and the sarees were made from fine silk and adorned with zari (gold or silver) embroidery. These sarees were considered a symbol of royalty and were worn by the elite of society.
The British Period
During the British period (19th to mid-20th century), Banarasi sarees underwent a transformation. Synthetic and cotton silk sarees were introduced in addition to silk, and the designs became more diverse, incorporating Indian as well as European motifs. The British also introduced new techniques and technologies, which helped the weavers improve the quality of their sarees.
After India gained independence in 1947, Banarasi sarees went through another phase of evolution. The weavers started experimenting with new designs, materials, and colors. They also incorporated modern techniques such as digital printing to create contemporary sarees that catered to the changing tastes of customers.
Today, Banarasi sarees continue to be popular among women of all ages and backgrounds. They have different varieties such as pure Banarasi Khaddi Georgette saree, Banarasi brocade saree and many more. They are worn for special occasions such as weddings, festivals, and religious ceremonies. The sarees are renowned for their luxurious fabric, intricate designs, and exquisite embroidery, which make them a true work of art.
Banarasi sarees are not just a piece of clothing but a symbol of India's rich cultural heritage. Banarasi saree history is extensive and fascinating that reflects the evolution of Indian society. The weavers of Banarasi sarees have kept this tradition alive for centuries, and their skill and craftsmanship continue to inspire millions of people.
Also read: Trace The Fascinating History Of Sarees